THIAMINE (VITAMIN B1) có tác dụng gì

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Palsson, A. The efficacy of early chlormethiazole medication in the prevention of delirium tremens. A retrospective study of the outcome of different drug treatment strategies at the Helsingborg psychiatric clinics, 1975-1980. Acta Psychiatr.Scand Suppl 1986;329:140-145. View abstract. vitamin b1

Poppell, T. D., Keeling, S. D., Collins, J. F., and Hassell, T. M. Effect of folic acid on recurrence of phenytoin-induced gingival overgrowth following gingivectomy. J Clin Periodontol. 1991;18(2):134-139. View abstract.

Poutanen, P. Experience with carbamazepine in the treatment of withdrawal symptoms in alcohol abusers. Br J Addict.Alcohol Other Drugs 1979;74(2):201-204. View abstract.

Proctor, M. L. and Farquhar, C. M. Dysmenorrhoea. Clin Evid (Online) 2007;2007 View abstract. vitamin b1

Proctor, M. L. and Murphy, P. A. Herbal and dietary therapies for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane.Database.Syst.Rev 2001;(3):CD002124. View abstract.

Prough, D. S., Roy, R., Bumgarner, J., and Shannon, G. Acute pulmonary edema in healthy teenagers following conservative doses of intravenous naloxone. Anesthesiology 1984;60(5):485-486. View abstract.

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Pulsinelli, W. A., Waldman, S., Rawlinson, D., and Plum, F. Moderate hyperglycemia augments ischemic brain damage: a neuropathologic study in the rat. Neurology 1982;32(11):1239-1246. View abstract.

Rado, J. P. Effect of mineralocorticoids on the paradoxical glucose-induced hyperkalemia in nondiabetic patients with selective hypoaldosteronism. Res Commun Chem Pathol.Pharmacol 1977;18(2):365-368. View abstract.

Radouco-Thomas, S., Garcin, F., Guay, D., Marquis, P. A., Chabot, F., Huot, J., Chawla, S., Forest, J. C., Martin, S., Stewart, G., and . Double blind study on the efficacy and safety of tetrabamate and chlordiazepoxide in the treatment of the acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Prog.Neuropsychopharmacol.Biol Psychiatry 1989;13(1-2):55-75. View abstract. vitamin b1

Ralston, A. J., Snaith, R. P., and Hinley, J. B. Effects of folic acid on fit-frequency and behaviour in epileptics on anticonvulsants. Lancet ;1(7652):867-868. View abstract.

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Rieck, J., Halkin, H., Almog, S., Seligman, H., Lubetsky, A., Olchovsky, D., and Ezra, D. Urinary loss of thiamine is increased by low doses of furosemide in healthy volunteers. J Lab Clin Med 1999;134(3):238-243. View abstract.

Rindi, G. and Laforenza, U. Thiamine intestinal transport and related issues: recent aspects. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 2000;224(4):246-255. View abstract.

Ritson, B. and Chick, J. Comparison of two benzodiazepines in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal: effects on symptoms and cognitive recovery. Drug Alcohol Depend. 1986;18(4):329-334. View abstract. vitamin b1

Robinson, B. H., MacKay, N., Chun, K., and Ling, M. Disorders of pyruvate carboxylase and the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. J Inherit.Metab Dis 1996;19(4):452-462. View abstract.

Robinson, B. J., Robinson, G. M., Maling, T. J., and Johnson, R. H. Is clonidine useful in the treatment of alcohol withdrawal? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 1989;13(1):95-98. View abstract.

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Rodriguez-Martin, J. L., Lopez-Arrieta, J. M., and Qizilbash, N. Thiamine for Alzheimer’s disease. Cochrane Database.Syst.Rev 2000;(2):CD001498. View abstract.

Rodriguez-Martin, J. L., Qizilbash, N., and Lopez-Arrieta, J. M. Thiamine for Alzheimer’s disease. Cochrane Database.Syst.Rev 2001;(2):CD001498. View abstract.

Rogovik, A. L., Vohra, S., and Goldman, R. D. Safety considerations and potential interactions of vitamins: should vitamins be considered drugs? Ann.Pharmacother. 2010;44(2):311-324. View abstract. vitamin b1

Roje, S. Vitamin B biosynthesis in plants. Phytochemistry 2007;68(14):1904-1921. View abstract.

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Rothstein, E. Prevention of alcohol withdrawal seizures: the roles of diphenylhydantoin and chlordiazepoxide. Am J Psychiatry 1973;130(12):1381-1382. View abstract. vitamin b1

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Schmitz, R. E. The prevention and management of the acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome by the use of alcohol. Curr Alcohol 1977;3:575-589.

Seibert, D. G. Reversible decerebrate posturing secondary to hypoglycemia. Am J Med 1985;78(6 Pt 1):1036-1037. View abstract.

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Sellers, E. M., Cooper, S. D., Zilm, D. H., and Shanks, C. Lithium treatment during alcoholic withdrawal. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1976;20(2):199-206. View abstract.

Sellers, E. M., Zilm, D. H., and Degani, N. C. Comparative efficacy of propranolol and chlordiazepoxide in alcohol withdrawal. J Stud.Alcohol 1977;38(11):2096-2108. View abstract.


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Siemkowicz, E. and Gjedde, A. Post-ischemic coma in rat: effect of different pre-ischemic blood glucose levels on cerebral metabolic recovery after ischemia. Acta Physiol Scand 1980;110(3):225-232. View abstract.

Sillanpaa, M. and Sonck, T. Finnish experiences with carbamazepine (Tegretol) in the treatment of acute withdrawal symptoms in alcoholics. J Int Med Res 1979;7(3):168-173. View abstract. vitamin b1

Simpson, R. K., Fitz, E., Scott, B., and Walker, L. Delirium tremens: a preventable iatrogenic and environmental phenomenon. J Am Osteopath.Assoc 1968;68(2):123-130. View abstract.

Singleton, C. K. and Martin, P. R. Molecular mechanisms of thiamine utilization. Curr Mol.Med 2001;1(2):197-207. View abstract.

Smit, A. J. and Gerrits, E. G. Skin autofluorescence as a measure of advanced glycation endproduct deposition: a novel risk marker in chronic kidney disease. Curr Opin.Nephrol.Hypertens. 2010;19(6):527-533. View abstract. vitamin b1

Sohrabvand, F., Shariat, M., and Haghollahi, F. Vitamin B supplementation for leg cramps during pregnancy. Int J Gynaecol.Obstet. 2006;95(1):48-49. View abstract.

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Soukoulis, V., Dihu, J. B., Sole, M., Anker, S. D., Cleland, J., Fonarow, G. C., Metra, M., Pasini, E., Strzelczyk, T., Taegtmeyer, H., and Gheorghiade, M. Micronutrient deficiencies an unmet need in heart failure. J Am Coll.Cardiol. 10-27-2009;54(18):1660-1673. View abstract. vitamin b1

Sperl, W. [Diagnosis and therapy of mitochondriopathies]. Wien Klin Wochenschr. ;109(3):93-99. View abstract.

Stanhope, J. M. and McCaskie, C. S. Assessment method and medication requirement in chlormethoazole detoxification from alcohol. Aust Drug Alcohol Rev 1986;5:273-277.

Stiles, M. H. Hypersensitivity to thiamine chloride with a note on sensitivity to pyridoxine hydrochloride. J Allergy 1941;12:507-509. vitamin b1

Stojek, A. and Napierala, K. Physostigmine in eyedrops decreases craving for alcohol in early withdrawal treated with carbamazepine. Mater.Med Pol. 1986;18(4):249-254. View abstract.

Stojek, A., Bilikiewicz, A., and Lerch, A. Carbamazepine and physostigmine eyedrops in the treatment of early alcohol withdrawal and alcohol-related hypertension. Psychiatr.Pol. 1987;21(5):369-375. View abstract.

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Sumner, A. D. and Simons, R. J. Delirium in the hospitalized elderly. Cleve.Clin J Med 1994;61(4):258-262. View abstract.

Suzuki, S. [Role of mitochondrial dysfunction in pathogenesis of diabetic microangiopathy]. Nippon Rinsho 2005;63 Suppl 6:103-110. View abstract.

Taff, R. H. Pulmonary edema following naloxone administration in a patient without heart disease. Anesthesiology 1983;59(6):576-577. View abstract. vitamin b1

Tallaksen, C. M., Sande, A., Bohmer, T., Bell, H., and Karlsen, J. Kinetics of thiamin and thiamin phosphate esters in human blood, plasma and urine after 50 mg intravenously or orally. Eur.J.Clin.Pharmacol. 1993;44(1):73-78. View abstract.

Tanaka, G. Y. Letter: Hypertensive reaction to naloxone. JAMA 4-1-1974;228(1):25-26. View abstract.

Tanaka, K., Kean, E. A., and Johnson, B. Jamaican vomiting sickness. Biochemical investigation of two cases. N.Engl J Med ;295(9):461-467. View abstract. vitamin b1

Tasevska, N., Runswick, S. A., McTaggart, A., and Bingham, S. A. Twenty-four-hour urinary thiamine as a biomarker for the assessment of thiamine intake. Eur J Clin Nutr 2008;62(9):1139-1147. View abstract.


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Thornalley, P. J. Glycation in diabetic neuropathy: characteristics, consequences, causes, and therapeutic options. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2002;50:37-57. View abstract.

Thornalley, P. J. The potential role of thiamine (vitamin B1) in diabetic complications. Curr Diabetes Rev 2005;1(3):287-298. View abstract.

Tubridy, P. Alprazolam versus chlormethiazole in acute alcohol withdrawal. Br J Addict. 1988;83(5):581-585. View abstract. vitamin b1

Turkington, R. W. Encephalopathy induced by oral hypoglycemic drugs. Arch Intern Med 1977;137(8):1082-1083. View abstract.

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Vimokesant, S. L., Hilker, D. M., Nakornchai, S., Rungruangsak, K., and Dhanamitta, S. Effects of betel nut and fermented fish on the thiamin status of northeastern Thais. Am J Clin Nutr 1975;28(12):1458-1463. View abstract.

Wadstein, J., Manhem, P., Nilsson, L. H., Moberg, A. L., and Hokfelt, B. Clonidine versus chlomethiazole in alcohol withdrawal. Acta Psychiatr.Scand Suppl 1986;327:144-148. View abstract.

Wahed, M., Geoghegan, M., and Powell-Tuck, J. Novel substrates. Eur J Gastroenterol.Hepatol. 2007;19(5):365-370. View abstract. vitamin b1

Wallis, W. E., Donaldson, I., Scott, R. S., and Wilson, J. Hypoglycemia masquerading as cerebrovascular disease (hypoglycemic hemiplegia). Ann Neurol. 1985;18(4):510-512. View abstract.

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Whitfield, C. L., Thompson, G., Lamb, A., Spencer, V., Pfeifer, M., and Browning-Ferrando, M. Detoxification of 1,024 alcoholic patients without psychoactive drugs. JAMA 4-3-1978;239(14):1409-1410. View abstract.

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Witte, K. K., Clark, A. L., and Cleland, J. G. Chronic heart failure and micronutrients. J Am Coll Cardiol 6-1-2001;37(7):1765-1774. View abstract. vitamin b1

Yamagishi, S. and Imaizumi, T. [Progress on the drug therapy for diabetic microangiopathies: AGE inhibitors]. Nippon Rinsho 2005;63 Suppl 6:136-138. View abstract.

Young, G. P., Rores, C., Murphy, C., and Dailey, R. H. Intravenous phenobarbital for alcohol withdrawal and convulsions. Ann Emerg.Med 1987;16(8):847-850. View abstract.

Zhou, K., Zhao, R., Geng, Z., Jiang, L., Cao, Y., Xu, D., Liu, Y., Huang, L., and Zhou, J. Association between B-group vitamins and venous thrombosis: systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiological studies. J.Thromb.Thrombolysis. 2012;34(4):459-467. View abstract. vitamin b1

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<p><span>Avsar, A. F., Ozmen, S., and Soylemez, F. Vitamin B1 and B6 substitution in pregnancy for leg cramps. Am.J.Obstet.Gynecol. 1996;175(1):233-234.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Bergmann, A. K., Sahai, I., Falcone, J. F., Fleming, J., Bagg, A., Borgna-Pignati, C., Casey, R., Fabris, L., Hexner, E., Mathews, L., Ribeiro, M. L., Wierenga, K. J., and Neufeld, E. J. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia: identification of novel compound heterozygotes and mutation update. J Pediatr 2009;155(6):888-892.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Borgna-Pignatti, C., Azzalli, M., and Pedretti, S. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome: long term follow-up. J Pediatr 2009;155(2):295-297.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Borgna-Pignatti, C., Marradi, P., Pinelli, L., Monetti, N., and Patrini, C. Thiamine-responsive anemia in DIDMOAD syndrome. J Pediatr 1989;114(3):405-410.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Cho, S. H. and Whang, W. W. Acupuncture for temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review. J Orofac.Pain 2010;24(2):152-162.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>de, Lonlay P., Fenneteau, O., Touati, G., Mignot, C., Billette, de, V, Rabier, D., Blanche, S., Ogier de, Baulny H., and Saudubray, J. M. [Hematologic manifestations of inborn errors of metabolism]. Arch Pediatr 2002;9(8):822-835.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Fleming, M. D. The genetics of inherited sideroblastic anemias. Semin.Hematol. 2002;39(4):270-281.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Ganesh, R., Ezhilarasi, S., Vasanthi, T., Gowrishankar, K., and Rajajee, S. Thiamine responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome. Indian J Pediatr 2009;76(3):313-314.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Hahn, J. S., Berquist, W., Alcorn, D. M., Chamberlain, L., and Bass, D. Wernicke encephalopathy and beriberi during total parenteral nutrition attributable to multivitamin infusion shortage. Pediatrics 1998;101(1):E10.</span></p> View abstract.

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<p><span>Lorber, A., Gazit, A. Z., Khoury, A., Schwartz, Y., and Mandel, H. Cardiac manifestations in thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome. Pediatr Cardiol. 2003;24(5):476-481.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Matsuda, M. and Kanamaru, A. [Clinical roles of vitamins in hematopoietic disorders]. Nippon Rinsho 1999;57(10):2349-2355.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Naito, E., Ito, M., Yokota, I., Saijo, T., Chen, S., Maehara, M., and Kuroda, Y. Concomitant administration of sodium dichloroacetate and thiamine in west syndrome caused by thiamine-responsive pyruvate dehydrogenase complex deficiency. J Neurol.Sci ;171(1):56-59.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Neufeld, E. J., Fleming, J. C., Tartaglini, E., and Steinkamp, M. P. Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome: a disorder of high-affinity thiamine transport. Blood Cells Mol.Dis 2001;27(1):135-138.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Pietrzak, I. [Vitamin disturbances in chronic renal insufficiency. I. Water soluble vitamins]. Przegl.Lek. 1995;52(10):522-525.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Ristow, M. Neurodegenerative disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. J Mol.Med 2004;82(8):510-529.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Valerio, G., Franzese, A., Poggi, V., and Tenore, A. Long-term follow-up of diabetes in two patients with thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia syndrome. Diabetes Care 1998;21(1):38-41.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Walker, U. A. and Byrne, E. The therapy of respiratory chain encephalomyopathy: a critical review of the past and current perspective. Acta Neurol.Scand 1995;92(4):273-280.</span></p> View abstract.

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<p><span>Wooley, J. A. Characteristics of thiamin and its relevance to the management of heart failure. Nutr Clin.Pract. 2008;23(5):487-493.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p><span>Yang, F. L., Liao, P. C., Chen, Y. Y., Wang, J. L., and Shaw, N. S. Prevalence of thiamin and riboflavin deficiency among the elderly in Taiwan. Asia Pac.J Clin Nutr 2005;14(3):238-243.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Younes-Mhenni, S., Derex, L., Berruyer, M., Nighoghossian, N., Philippeau, F., Salzmann, M., and Trouillas, P. Large-artery stroke in a young patient with Crohn’s disease. Role of vitamin B6 deficiency-induced hyperhomocysteinemia. J Neurol.Sci ;221(1-2):113-115.</span></p> View abstract.

<p><span>Zittoun, J. [Macrocytic anemia]. Rev Prat. 10-21-1989;39(24):2133-2137.</span></p> View abstract. vitamin b1

<p>Davis, L. S. Stress, vitamin B6 and magnesium in women with and without dysmenorrhea: a comparison and intervention study [dissertation]. 1988;</p>

<p>Esperanza-Salazar-De-Roldan, M. and Ruiz-Castro, S. Primary dysmenorrhea treatment with ibuprofen and vitamin E. Revista de Obstetricia y Ginecologia de Venezuela 1993;53(1):35-37.</p>

<p>Fontana-Klaiber, H. and Hogg, B. Therapeutic effects of magnesium in dysmenorrhea. Schweizerische Rundschau fur Medizin Praxis 1990;79(16):491-494.</p> vitamin b1

Aksoy M, Basu TK, Brient J, Dickerson JW. Thiamin status of patients treated with drug combinations containing 5-fluorouracil. Eur J Cancer 1980;16:1041-5. View abstract.

Alaei Shahmiri F, Soares MJ, Zhao Y, et al. High-dose thiamine supplementation improves glucose tolerance in hyperglycemic individuals: a randomized, double-blind cross-over trial. Eur J Nutr. 2013 Oct;52(7):1821-4. View abstract.

Alaei-Shahmiri F, Soares MJ, Zhao Y, et al. The impact of thiamine supplementation on blood pressure, serum lipids and C-reactive protein in individuals with hyperglycemia: a randomised, double-blind cross-over trial. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2015 Apr 29. pii: S1871-4021(15)00042-9. View abstract. vitamin b1

Alston TA. Does metformin interfere with thiamine? (letter) Arch Int Med 2003;163:983. View abstract.

Alston TA. Does metformin interfere with thiamine?–Reply. Arch Intern Med 2003;163:983. View abstract.

Andersen LW, Holmberg MJ, Berg KM, et al. Thiamine as an adjunctive therapy in cardiac surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II trial. Crit Care. 2016 Mar 14;20:92. View abstract. vitamin b1

Arruti N, Bernedo N, Audicana MT, Villarreal O, Uriel O, Muñoz D. Systemic allergic dermatitis caused by thiamine after iontophoresis. Contact Dermatitis. 2013 Dec;69(6):375-6. View abstract.

Babaei-Jadidi R, Karachalias N, Ahmed N, et al. Prevention of incipient diabetic nephropathy by high-dose thiamine and benfotiamine. Diabetes. 2003;52:2110-20. View abstract.

Bates CJ. Chapter 8: Thiamine. In: Zempleni J, Rucker RB, McCormick DB, Suttie JW, eds. Handbook of Vitamins. 4th edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2007. 253-287. vitamin b1

Beers MH, Berkow R. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th ed. West Point, PA: Merck and Co., Inc., 1999.

Berger MM, Shenkin A, Revelly JP, et al. Copper, selenium, zinc, and thiamine balances during continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration in critically ill patients. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80:410-6. View abstract.

Botez MI, Botez T, Ross-Chouinard A, Lalonde R. Thiamine and folate treatment of chronic epileptic patients: a controlled study with the Wechsler IQ scale. Epilepsy Res 1993;16:157-63.. View abstract. vitamin b1

Botez MI, Joyal C, Maag U, Bachevalier J. Cerebrospinal fluid and blood thiamine concentrations in phenytoin-treated epileptics. Can J Neurol Sci 1982;9:37-9.. View abstract.

Brady JA, Rock CL, Horneffer MR. Thiamin status, diuretic medications, and the management of congestive heart failure. J Am Diet Assoc 1995;95:541-4. View abstract.

Briggs MH, Briggs M. Thiamine status and oral contraceptives. Contraception 1975;11:151-4. View abstract. vitamin b1

Brown RS, Di Stanislao PT, Beaver WT, et al. The administration of folic acid to institutionalized epileptic adults with phenytoin-induced gingival hyperplasia. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1991;70:565-8. View abstract.

Chou WP, Chang YH, Lin HC, Chang YH, Chen YY, Ko CH. Thiamine for preventing dementia development among patients with alcohol use disorder: A nationwide population-based cohort study. Clin Nutr. 2019;38(3):1269-1273. View abstract.

Cumming RG, Mitchell P, Smith W. Diet and cataract: the Blue Mountains Eye Study. Ophthalmology 2000;10:450-6. View abstract. vitamin b1

Day E, Bentham P, Callaghan R, et al. Thiamine for Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people at risk from alcohol abuse. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004;(1):CD004033. View abstract.

De Reuck JL, Sieben GJ, Sieben-Praet MR, et al. Wernicke’s encephalopathy in patients with tumors of the lymphoid-hemopoietic systems. Arch Neurol 1980;37:338-41.. View abstract.

Donnino MW, Andersen LW, Chase M, et al. Randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of thiamine as a metabolic resuscitator in septic shock: a pilot study. Crit Care Med. 2016 Feb;44(2):360-7. View abstract. vitamin b1

Drew HJ, Vogel RI, Molofsky W, et al. Effect of folate on phenytoin hyperplasia. J Clin Periodontol 1987;14:350-6. View abstract.

Fujii T, Luethi N, Young PJ, et al; VITAMINS Trial Investigators. Effect of vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine vs hydrocortisone alone on time alive and free of vasopressor support among patients with septic shock: The VITAMINS randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2020 Jan 17. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.22176. View abstract.

Gallimberti L, Canton G, Gentile N, et al. Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid for treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Lancet 1989;2:787-9. View abstract. vitamin b1

Ghaleiha A, Davari H, Jahangard L, et al. Adjuvant thiamine improved standard treatment inpatients with major depressive disorder: results from a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled clinical trial. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2016 Dec;266(8):695-702. View abstract.

Goldin BR, Lichtenstein AH, Gorbach SL. Nutritional and metabolic roles of intestinal flora. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease, 8th ed. Malvern, PA: Lea & Febiger, 1994.

Hamon NW, Awang DVC. Horsetail. Can Pharm J 1992:399-401. vitamin b1

Harel Z, Biro FM, Kottenhahn RK, Rosenthal SL. Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the management of dysmenorrhea in adolescents. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996;174:1335-8. View abstract.

Hernandez BY, McDuffie K, Wilkens LR, et al. Diet and premalignant lesions of the cervix: evidence of a protective role for folate, riboflavin, thiamin, and vitamin B12. Cancer Causes Control 2003;14:859-70. View abstract.

Hilker DM, Somogyi JC. Antithiamins of plant origin: their chemical nature and mode of action. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1982;378:137-44. View abstract. vitamin b1

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Kristensen, C. P., Rasmussen, S., Dahl, A., and et al. The withdrawal syndrome scale for alcohol and related psychoactive drugs: total scores for guidelines for treatment with phenobarbital. Nord Psykiatr Tidsskr 1986;40:139-146. vitamin b1

LATIES, V. G., LASAGNA, L., GROSS, G. M., HITCHMAN, I. L., and FLORES, J. A controlled trial on chlorpromazine and promazine in the management of delirium tremens. Q.J Stud.Alcohol 1958;19(2):238-243. View abstract.

Lee, B. Y., Yanamandra, K., and Bocchini, J. A., Jr. Thiamin deficiency: a possible major cause of some tumors? (review). Oncol Rep. 2005;14(6):1589-1592. View abstract.

Levin, E. R., Sharp, B., Drayer, J. I., and Weber, M. A. Severe hypertension induced by naloxone. Am J Med Sci 1985;290(2):70-72. View abstract. vitamin b1

Lichtigfeld, F. J. and Gillman, M. A. Analgesic nitrous oxide for alcohol withdrawal is better than placebo. Int J Neurosci. 1989;49(1-2):71-74. View abstract.

Lichtigfeld, F. J. and Gillman, M. A. The effect of placebo in the alcohol withdrawal state. Alcohol Alcohol 1989;24(2):109-112. View abstract.

Liebaldt, G. P. and Schleip, I. 6. Apallic syndrome following protracted hypoglycemia. Monogr Gesamtgeb.Psychiatr.Psychiatry Ser. 1977;14:37-43. View abstract. vitamin b1

Lima, L. F., Leite, H. P., and Taddei, J. A. Low blood thiamine concentrations in children upon admission to the intensive care unit: risk factors and prognostic significance. Am J Clin Nutr 2011;93(1):57-61. View abstract.

Macias-Matos, C., Rodriguez-Ojea, A., Chi, N., Jimenez, S., Zulueta, D., and Bates, C. J. Biochemical evidence of thiamine depletion during the Cuban neuropathy epidemic, 1992-1993. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;64(3):347-353. View abstract.

Mahoney, D. J., Parise, G., and Tarnopolsky, M. A. Nutritional and exercise-based therapies in the treatment of mitochondrial disease. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2002;5(6):619-629. View abstract. vitamin b1

Malcolm, R., Ballenger, J. C., Sturgis, E. T., and Anton, R. Double-blind controlled trial comparing carbamazepine to oxazepam treatment of alcohol withdrawal. Am J Psychiatry 1989;146(5):617-621. View abstract.

Malouf, R. and Brust, J. C. Hypoglycemia: causes, neurological manifestations, and outcome. Ann Neurol. 1985;17(5):421-430. View abstract.

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Martin, P. R., McCool, B. A., and Singleton, C. K. Molecular genetics of transketolase in the pathogenesis of the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Metab Brain Dis 1995;10(1):45-55. View abstract.

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Massman, J. E. and Tipton, D. M. Signs and symptoms assessment: a guide for the treatment of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. J Psychoactive Drugs 1988;20(4):443-444. View abstract. vitamin b1

Masumoto, K., Esumi, G., Teshiba, R., Nagata, K., Nakatsuji, T., Nishimoto, Y., Ieiri, S., Kinukawa, N., and Taguchi, T. Need for thiamine in peripheral parenteral nutrition after abdominal surgery in children. JPEN J Parenter.Enteral Nutr 2009;33(4):417-422. View abstract.

Mattson, R. H., Gallagher, B. B., Reynolds, E. H., and Glass, D. Folate therapy in epilepsy. A controlled study. Arch Neurol. 1973;29(2):78-81. View abstract.

Mayo-Smith, M. F. Pharmacological management of alcohol withdrawal. A meta-analysis and evidence-based practice guideline. American Society of Addiction Medicine Working Group on Pharmacological Management of Alcohol Withdrawal. JAMA 7-9-1997;278(2):144-151. View abstract. vitamin b1

McEntee, W. J. Wernicke’s encephalopathy: an excitotoxicity hypothesis. Metab Brain Dis 1997;12(3):183-192. View abstract.

Meador, K., Loring, D., Nichols, M., Zamrini, E., Rivner, M., Posas, H., Thompson, E., and Moore, E. Preliminary findings of high-dose thiamine in dementia of Alzheimer’s type. J Geriatr.Psychiatry Neurol. 1993;6(4):222-229. View abstract.

Melamed, E. Reactive hyperglycaemia in patients with acute stroke. J Neurol.Sci 1976;29(2-4):267-275. View abstract. vitamin b1

Mezadri, T., Fernandez-Pachon, M. S., Villano, D., Garcia-Parrilla, M. C., and Troncoso, A. M. [The acerola fruit: composition, productive characteristics and economic importance]. Arch Latinoam.Nutr 2006;56(2):101-109. View abstract.

Michaelis, L. L., Hickey, P. R., Clark, T. A., and Dixon, W. M. Ventricular irritability associated with the use of naloxone hydrochloride. Two case reports and laboratory assessment of the effect of the drug on cardiac excitability. Ann Thorac.Surg 1974;18(6):608-614. View abstract.


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Wald EL, Sanchez-Pinto LN, Smith CM, et al. Hydrocortisone-Ascorbic Acid-Thiamine Use Associated with Lower Mortality in Pediatric Septic Shock. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020;201(7):863-867. View abstract.

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